An endgame study, or just study, is a composed chess endgame position—that is, one that has been made up rather than one from an actual game—presented as a sort of puzzle, in which the aim of the solver is to find a way for one side (usually White) to win or draw, as stipulated, against any moves the other side plays.
Composed studies predate the modern form of chess. Shatranj studies exist in manuscripts from the 9th century, and the earliest treatises on modern chess by the likes of Luis Ramirez Lucena and Pedro Damiano (late 15th and early 16th century) also include studies. However, these studies often include superfluous pieces, added to make the position look more "game-like", but which take no part in the actual solution (something that is never done in the modern study). Various names were given to these positions (Damiano, for example, called them "subtleties"); the first book which called them "studies" appears to be Chess Studies, an 1851 publication by Josef Kling and Bernhard Horwitz, which is sometimes also regarded as the starting point for the modern endgame study. The form is considered to have been raised to an art in the late 19th century, with A. A. Troitsky and Henri Rinck particularly important in this respect.
In art, a study is a drawing, sketch or painting done in preparation for a finished piece, or as visualnotes. Studies are often used to understand the problems involved in rendering subjects and to plan the elements to be used in finished works, such as light, color, form, perspective and composition. Studies can have more impact than more-elaborately planned work, due to the fresh insights the artist gains while exploring the subject. The excitement of discovery can give a study vitality. Even when layers of the work show changes the artist made as more was understood, the viewer shares more of the artist's sense of discovery. Written notes alongside visual images add to the import of the piece as they allow the viewer to share the artist's process of getting to know the subject.
Studies inspired some of the first 20th century conceptual art, where the creative process itself becomes the subject of the piece. Since the process is what is all-important in studies and conceptual art, the viewer may be left with no material object of art.
In playing cards, a suit is one of several categories into which the cards of a deck are divided. Most often, each card bears one of several pips (symbols) showing to which suit it belongs; the suit may alternatively or additionally be indicated by the color printed on the card. The rank for each card is determined by the number of pips on it. Ranking indicates which cards within a suit are better, higher or more valuable than others, whereas there is no order between the suits unless defined in the rules of a specific card game. Unless playing with multiple decks, there is exactly one card of any given rank in any given suit. A deck may include special cards that belong to no suit, often called jokers.
Various languages have different terminology for suits such as colors, signs, or seeds. Modern Western playing cards are generally divided into two or three general suit-systems. The older Latin suits are subdivided into the Italian and Spanish suit-systems. The younger Germanic suits are subdivided into the German and Swiss suit-systems. The French suits are a derivative of the German suits but are generally considered a separate system on its own.
Juggling clubs are a prop used by jugglers and can also mean a social organisation where jugglers meet to practice juggling skills. Juggling clubs are often simply called clubs by jugglers and sometimes are referred to as pins or batons by non-jugglers. Clubs are one of the three most popular props used by jugglers; the others being balls and rings.
A typical club is in the range of 50 centimetres (20in) long, weighs between 200 and 300 grams (7.1 and 10.6oz), is slim at the "handle" end, and has its center of balance nearer the wider "body" end. The definition of a club is somewhat ambiguous; sticks or rods are allowed under the current Juggling Information Service (JIS) rules for juggling world records.
A juggling club's shape is similar to a bowling pin's and an Indian club's. Modern juggling clubs are, however, distinct from these objects because they differ in the materials they are made of, the way they are constructed, their weight and weight distribution, and are therefore not usually interchangeable.
Stutz lives near Beverly Hills and receives clients in his apartment, which overlooks the crisp blue tennis courts and shimmering, sprinkler-fed fairways of a sprawling country club. The four walls of his book-lined study have been privy to the ...
At UND, Gillette created the Sociology Club, which emphasized “the study of social work.” In 1914, he and McVey, through the Sociology Club, established the University Settlement House, which cared for over 80 families in need.
Events. Saturday, Dec. 2. Festival of Trees, downtown Brownsville. The MoyerHouse Museum, 204 N. Main St., will again host four beautifully decorated trees for the Brownsville Women's Study Club annual Festival of Trees fundraiser. More festooned trees have been placed all over downtown for visitors to bid on in a silent auction, running through 5 p.m.
DUNCAN — The Aequalis Study Club will look to instill Christmas cheer and spirit within the community during its 2023 Christmas Open House from 1-3 p.m ...KelseyStone, Aequalis Study Club member, said the Christmas House Tour is one of the clubs largest annual fundraisers for nearly 40 years.
Maeve was recently recognized by the Reading Memorial High SchoolHigh Five Club as one of the “Students of the Month” for the month of September ... Her love for the sport extends beyond the school team, as she has been a member of the club, MassImpact, for the past three years.
Friday, Dec. 1 ... Cost is $5 per player ... to 2 p.m ... NW, Concord ... 2 ... The Sportscenter weekly Bible study will be at 11.30 a.m. at the Sportscenter 233 Country Club Drive, NE, Concord ... The Cabarrus SeniorCenterPhoto Club is alive and clicking away ... The Sportscenter weekly Bible study will be at 11.30 a.m. at the Sportscenter 233 Country Club Drive, NE, Concord.
This study, which follows a benchmark report by Tottenham in 2015, also estimated the growth of the club’s socio-economic impact will reach £585m GVA by the 2026-27 season with around 4,300 jobs, in comparison to the 1,800 jobs it supported eight years ago.
The Ottawa Senators will welcome Thomas Chabot back with open arms Friday night at Nationwide Arena in Columbus, but the return of the club’s top defenceman will create a cap crunch for the Senators that will require some roster management in the next 24 hours... The club has the ...